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The purpose of this study is to determine the misconceptions of 6th grade primary school students in terms of part-whole relation in fractions, representation of fractions on the number line, comparison of fractions and operations in fractions. The sample of this study is composed of 104 students who are being educated in 6th class of five middle schools in 2017-2018 teaching year in a province which takes place in the north part of Turkey. Fractional information test, which consists of 5 open ended questions developed by researchers, was used as data collection tool. The obtained data were analyzed using coding and frequency/percentage tables according to the content analysis method. By examining the explanations that the students have made, the incorrect answers are divided into categories, and the misconceptions in each question are presented seperately. As a result of the study, it has been seen that students have misconceptions in terms of parts-whole relation in fractions, representation of fractions on the number line, comparison of fractions and operations in fractions.