Effects of Early Morning Physical Activity on Elementary School Students’ Physical Fitness and Sociality : Focusing on the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program

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Yongnam Park Jongho Moon



As part of the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program, we investigated how early morning physical activity affects elementary school students’ physical fitness and sociality. Seventy-five boys in 6th grade of S elementary school located in G Metropolitan City, Korea comprised the experimental group that participated in early morning physical activity for 6 months. The control group did not perform said activities. Experimental design for this study adopted pre- and post-measurement and comparison methods between groups. Collected data were analyzed with analyses of covariance and Bonferroni post-hoc tests. The experimental group showed significant differences in the improvement of cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength among the sub-elements of physical fitness compared to controls. They also showed significant differences in the development of sociability, activity, autonomy, stability, and dominance among the sub-factors of sociality compared to controls. We elucidated the importance of early morning physical activity performed before school, which has implications for schools’ physical education programs. 


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PARK, Yongnam; MOON, Jongho. Effects of Early Morning Physical Activity on Elementary School Students’ Physical Fitness and Sociality. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. 441-447, apr. 2018. ISSN 1307-9298. Available at: <https://www.iejee.com/index.php/IEJEE/article/view/426>. Date accessed: 23 apr. 2018.


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